Finding Oil: The Nature of Petroleum Geology, 1859-1920 - download pdf or read online

By Brian Frehner

ISBN-10: 0803234864

ISBN-13: 9780803234864

ISBN-10: 0803290624

ISBN-13: 9780803290624

Oil has made fortunes, prompted wars, and formed international locations. therefore, nobody questions the concept that the search for oil is a quest for energy. The query we must always ask, Finding Oil indicates, is what sort of strength prospectors have sought after. This booklet revises oil’s early background by means of exploring the quite assorted tales of the lads who pitted themselves opposed to nature to unharness the facility of oil.

Brian Frehner exhibits how, regardless of the towering presence of a determine like John D. Rockefeller as a crucial “oil man,” prospectors have been a various lot who observed themselves, their pursuits, and their relationships with nature in profoundly other ways. He lines their numerous objectives of strength from 1859 to 1920 as a fight for cultural, highbrow, authority, over either nature and their friends. the following we see how a few observed energy because the paintings they did exploring and drilling into landscapes, whereas others observed it within the highbrow paintings of explaining how and the place oil accrued. Charting the intersection of human and usual heritage, their tale strains the ever-evolving dating among technology and and divulges the unsuspected function geology performed in shaping our knowing of the heritage of oil.

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Read e-book online Deep Time of the Media: Toward an Archaeology of Hearing and PDF

By Timothy Druckrey,Siegfried Zielinski,Gloria Custance

ISBN-10: 0262240491

ISBN-13: 9780262240499

ISBN-10: 026274032X

ISBN-13: 9780262740326

Deep Time of the Media takes us on an archaeological quest into the hidden layers of media improvement -- dynamic moments of extreme job in media layout and building which were mostly missed within the historical-media archaeological list. Siegfried Zielinski argues that the background of the media doesn't continue predictably from primitive instruments to advanced equipment; in Deep Time of the Media, he illuminates turning issues of media background -- fractures within the predictable -- that aid us see the hot within the old.Drawing on unique resource fabrics, Zielinski explores the know-how of units for listening to and seeing via thousand years of cultural and technological historical past. He discovers the contributions of "dreamers and modelers" of media worlds, from the traditional Greek thinker Empedocles and typical philosophers of the Renaissance and Baroque sessions to Russian avant-gardists of the early 20th century. "Media are areas of motion for built makes an attempt to attach what's separated," Zielinski writes. He describes types and machines that make this connection: together with a theater of mirrors in sixteenth-century Naples, an automaton for musical composition created via the seventeenth-century Jesuit Athanasius Kircher, and the eighteenth-century electric tele-writing computer of Joseph Mazzolari, between others. Uncovering those moments within the media-archaeological checklist, Zielinski says, brings us right into a new courting with present-day moments; those discoveries within the "deep time" media heritage make clear state-of-the-art media panorama and will support us map our day trip to the media future.

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New PDF release: Building Nevada's Highways (Images of America)

By Jennifer E. Riddle,Elizabeth Dickey

ISBN-10: 1467134066

ISBN-13: 9781467134064

ISBN-10: 1531678181

ISBN-13: 9781531678180

Roads are infrequently given a moment inspiration but are integral to existence. Admittedly, a ebook devoted to roadways sounds a section dry. yet in the back of each double-diamond interchange, each beef chop island, and each form of asphalt is an engaging historical past of the touring public. This publication unearths the hidden historical past of creating the Silver State�s highways due to the fact 1917. the subsequent time you're taking a highway journey throughout Nevada at the Lincoln road (US 50) or the Victory road (US forty) or persist with a rutted highway to a once-booming ghost city reflect on the creative and industrious women and men, surveyors, engineers, chemists, and definite, even the groups of mules that equipped the roads we nonetheless commute today.

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Always Already New: Media, History, and the Data of Culture - download pdf or read online

By Lisa Gitelman

ISBN-10: 0262072718

ISBN-13: 9780262072717

ISBN-10: 0262572478

ISBN-13: 9780262572477

In Always Already New, Lisa Gitelman explores the novelty of latest media whereas she asks what it capability to do media historical past. utilizing the examples of early recorded sound and electronic networks, Gitelman demanding situations readers to contemplate the ways in which media paintings because the simultaneous topics and tools of ancient inquiry. offering unique case stories of Edison's first phonographs and the Pentagon's first allotted electronic community, the ARPANET, Gitelman issues suggestively towards similarities that underlie the cultural definition of files (phonographic and never) on the finish of the 19th century and the definition of records (digital and never) on the finish of the 20th. hence, Always Already New speaks to offer issues in regards to the humanities up to to the emergent box of latest media reviews. files and files are kernels of humanistic idea, after all--part of and social gathering to the cultural impulse to maintain and interpret. Gitelman's argument indicates creative contexts for "humanities computing" whereas additionally supplying a brand new standpoint on such conventional humanities disciplines as literary history.Making huge use of archival resources, Gitelman describes the ways that recorded sound and digitally networked textual content each one emerged as neighborhood anomalies that have been but deeply embedded in the reigning good judgment of public lifestyles and public reminiscence. after all Gitelman turns to the realm huge internet and asks how the historical past of the internet is already being advised, how the net may additionally withstand historical past, and the way utilizing the net will be generating the stipulations of its personal historicity.

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Download e-book for kindle: Technology, Gender and History in Imperial China: Great by Francesca Bray

By Francesca Bray

ISBN-10: 0415639565

ISBN-13: 9780415639569

ISBN-10: 041563959X

ISBN-13: 9780415639590

What can the heritage of know-how give a contribution to our knowing of overdue imperial China? such a lot tales approximately know-how in pre-modern China stick to a well-worn plot: in approximately 1400 after an early ferment of creativity that made it the main technologically refined civilisation on the planet, China entered an period of technical lethargy and decline. yet how are we to reconcile this story, which portrays China within the Ming and Qing dynasties as a loss of life mammoth that had outgrown its personal energy, with the wealth of counterevidence declaring that the rustic remained wealthy, energetic and robust no less than till the top of the eighteenth century? Does this seeming contradiction suggest that the stagnation tale is just improper, or even that expertise was once inappropriate to how imperial society labored? Or does it suggest that historians of expertise may still ask higher questions on what know-how was once, what it did and what it intended in pre-modern societies like overdue imperial China?

In this publication, Francesca Bray explores matters corresponding to expertise and ethics, know-how and gendered subjectivities (both woman and male), and know-how and statecraft to light up how fabric settings and practices formed topographies of daily adventure and ideologies of presidency, options of the self and applied sciences of the topic. reading applied sciences starting from ploughing and weaving to drawing photographs, development a home, prescribing medication or composing a textual content, this ebook deals a wealthy perception into the interaction among the micro- and macro-politics of way of life and the workings of governmentality in past due imperial China, displaying that gender rules have been woven into the very textile of empire, from cosmology and ideologies of rule to the fabric foundations of the nation and the typical practices of the household sphere.

This authoritative textual content should be welcomed by means of scholars and students of chinese language heritage, in addition to these engaged on international heritage and the histories of gender, know-how and agriculture. additionally, will probably be of significant use to these attracted to social and cultural anthropology and fabric tradition.


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Download e-book for iPad: Thomas Huxley: Making the 'Man of Science' (Cambridge by Paul White

By Paul White

ISBN-10: 0521640199

ISBN-13: 9780521640190

ISBN-10: 0521649676

ISBN-13: 9780521649674

Dubbed 'Darwin's Bulldog' for his combative function within the Victorian controversies over evolutionary thought, Thomas Huxley has been largely considered as the epitome of the pro scientist who emerged within the 19th century from the constraints of ecclesiastical authority and aristocratic patronage. but from the 1850s until eventually his demise in 1895, Huxley continuously outlined himself as a 'man of science', an ethical and spiritual determine, now not a scientist. Exploring his relationships along with his spouse, fellow naturalists, monks and males of letters, White provides a brand new research of the authority of technology, literature, and faith through the Victorian interval, displaying how those diversified practices have been woven right into a cloth of excessive tradition, and built-in into associations of print, schooling and study. He offers a considerably diversified view of Huxley's function within the evolution debates, and of his family members together with his clinical contemporaries, specially Richard Owen and Charles Darwin.

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Download PDF by Jennifer Holt: Empires of Entertainment: Media Industries and the Politics

By Jennifer Holt

ISBN-10: 0813550521

ISBN-13: 9780813550527

ISBN-10: 081355053X

ISBN-13: 9780813550534

Empires of Entertainment integrates criminal, regulatory, business, and political histories to chronicle the dramatic transformation in the media among 1980 and 1996. As movie, broadcast, and cable grew from essentially separate industries to interconnected, synergistic parts of world media conglomerates, the suggestions of vertical and horizontal integration have been redesigned. The parameters and bounds of marketplace focus, consolidation, and executive scrutiny started to shift as America's politics replaced below the Reagan management. by using case stories that spotlight key moments during this transformation, Jennifer Holt explores the politics of deregulation, the reinterpretation of antitrust legislation, and lasting ameliorations within the media panorama.

Holt skillfully expands the traditional types and limits of media background. A primary a part of her argument is that those media industries were intertwined for many years and, as such, can't be thought of individually. in its place, movie, cable and broadcast has to be understood when it comes to each other, as severe elements of a typical historical past. Empires of Entertainment is a distinct account of deregulation and its effect on political financial system, commercial concepts, and media tradition on the finish of the 20th century.

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Devices of the Soul: Battling for Our Selves in an Age of - download pdf or read online

By Steve Talbott

ISBN-10: 0596526806

ISBN-13: 9780596526801

ISBN-10: 1492025615

ISBN-13: 9781492025610

"Self-forgetfulness is the reigning temptation of the technological period. this is because we so simply supply our assent to the absurd proposition computing device can upload plus , regardless of the most obvious proven fact that it will probably do not anything of the sort--not if we've got in brain whatever remotely reminiscent of what we do after we upload numbers. within the computer's case, the mechanics of addition contain no motivation, no cognizance of the duty, no mobilization of the desire, no metabolic job, no mind's eye. And its functionality brings neither the delight of achievement nor the strengthening of sensible abilities and cognitive capacities."In this insightful ebook, writer Steve Talbott, software program programmer and technical author became researcher and editor for the character Institute, demanding situations us to step again and take an goal examine the know-how riding our lives. At a time whilst sixty five percentage of yankee shoppers spend extra time with their desktops than they do with their major others, in accordance with a up to date research, Talbott illustrates that we are forgetting one vital thing--our Selves, the human spirit from which know-how stems.Whether we are surrendering intimate information to one more database, eschewing our actual groups for on-line social networks, or calculating our internet worthy, we freely provide our strength over to know-how till, he says, "we arrive at a computer's-eye view of the full global of undefined, trade, and society at ever extra heavily woven internet of programmed logic."Digital know-how definitely makes us extra effective. but if potency is the one target, we don't have any technique to comprehend no matter if we are stepping into the ideal or unsuitable course. companies change guiding imaginative and prescient with a spreadsheet's base line. Schoolteachers are changed by means of the computer's dataflow. Indigenous peoples hand over conventional abilities for the dazzle and straightforwardness of recent devices. Even the Pentagon's zeal to exchange "boots at the floor" with know-how has resulted in the mess in Iraq. And on it goes.The final threat is that, in our willingness to conform ourselves to know-how, "we will descend to the extent of the computational units we've got engineered--not only imagining ever new and extra refined automatons, yet decreasing ourselves to automatons."To rework our scenario, we have to see it in a brand new and unaccustomed gentle, and that is what Talbott presents via interpreting the deceiving virtues of technology--how we are killing schooling, socializing our machines, and mechanizing our society.Once you're taking this eye-opening trip, you are going to imagine extra truly approximately the way you devour know-how and the way you leave it to eat you."Nothing is as infrequent or sorely wanted in our tech-enchanted tradition at once as clever feedback of know-how, and Steve Talbott is strictly the critic we've got been looking forward to: trenchant, refined, and fully unique. units of the Soul is an pressing and demanding book."--Michael Pollan, writer of The Omnivore's obstacle: A average heritage of 4 nutrients and The Botany of hope: A Plant's Eye View of the World"Steve Talbott is a unprecedented voice of readability, humanity, and fervour in an international enthralled via machines and calculation. His new e-book, units of the Soul, lays out a daunting and whilst inspiring research of what pcs and computer-like pondering are doing to us, our youngsters, and the way forward for our planet. Talbott is not any Luddite. He totally is familiar with and appreciates the beautiful energy of know-how for either solid and evil. His cool and specified skewering of the bushy considering and senseless enthusiasm of the expertise actual believers is tempered by means of his modesty, the attractiveness of his writing, and his abiding love for the realm of nature and our ability for communion with it. "--Edward Miller, Former editor, Harvard schooling Letter"Those who care in regards to the fit and healthy lives of youngsters can achieve a lot from Steve Talbott's knowledge. He examines the necessity to support kids spend extra time...

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New PDF release: Vulnerability in Technological Cultures: New Directions in

By Anique Hommels,Jessica Mesman,Wiebe E. Bijker

ISBN-10: 0262027100

ISBN-13: 9780262027106

ISBN-10: 0262525801

ISBN-13: 9780262525800

Novel applied sciences and clinical developments supply not just possibilities yet dangers. Technological platforms are liable to human errors and technical malfunctioning that experience far-reaching results: one flipped swap could cause a cascading strength failure throughout a networked electrical grid. but, as soon as addressed, vulnerability observed through coping mechanisms may possibly yield a extra versatile and resilient society. This ebook investigates vulnerability, in either its detrimental and features, in technological cultures. The members argue that viewing possibility by way of vulnerability deals a singular method of knowing the dangers and advantages of technological know-how and expertise. Such an technique broadens traditional hazard research through connecting to problems with justice, harmony, and livelihood, and permitting comparisons among the worldwide north and south. The ebook explores case reports that variety from agricultural practices in India to neonatal in depth care drugs in Western hospitals; those instances, spanning the problems addressed within the booklet, illustrate what vulnerability is and does. The ebook deals conceptual frameworks for empirical description and research of vulnerability that elucidate its ambiguity, context dependence, and built nature. ultimately, the booklet addresses the consequences of those analyses for the governance of vulnerability, featuring a extra reflexive approach of facing vulnerability in technological cultures.ContributorsMarjolein van Asselt, Martin Boeckhout, Wiebe Bijker, Tessa Fox, Stephen Healy, Anique Hommels, Sheila Jasanoff,Jozef Keulartz, Jessica Mesman, Ger Palmboom, C. Shambu Prasad, Julia Quartz, Johan M. Sanne, Maartje Schermer, Teesta Setelvad, Esha Shah, Andy Stirling, Imrat Verhoeven, Esther Versluis, Shiv Visvanathan, Gerard de Vries, Ger Wackers, Dick Willems

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New PDF release: Grand Designs: Labor, Empire, and the Museum in Victorian

By Lara Kriegel

ISBN-10: 0822340518

ISBN-13: 9780822340515

ISBN-10: 0822340720

ISBN-13: 9780822340720

With this richly illustrated historical past of business layout reform in nineteenth-century Britain, Lara Kriegel demonstrates that preoccupations with exchange, exertions, and manufacture lay on the middle of debates approximately cultural associations through the Victorian period. via aesthetic reform, Victorians sought to redress the inferiority of British crafts compared to these made at the continent and within the colonies. mentioning a concern of layout and workmanship one of the British laboring sessions, reformers pioneered colleges of layout, copyright protections, and amazing monitors of business and imperial wares, such a lot particularly the nice Exhibition of 1851. Their efforts culminated with the institution of the South Kensington Museum, predecessor to the Victoria and Albert Museum, which stands this day as domestic to the world’s greatest selection of the ornamental and utilized arts. Kriegel’s id of the numerous hyperlinks among markets and museums, and among economics and aesthetics, quantities to a rethinking of Victorian cultural formation.

Drawing on quite a lot of resources, together with museum guidebooks, layout manuals, illustrated newspapers, development books, and govt studies, Kriegel brings to existence the numerous Victorians who claimed a stake in aesthetic reform in the course of the center years of the 19th century. The aspiring artists who attended the govt. college of layout, the embattled provincial printers who sought a reinforced commercial copyright, the exhibition-going hundreds of thousands who visited the Crystal Palace, the lower-middle-class shoppers who discovered new rules of style in metropolitan museums, and the operating males of London who critiqued the city’s paintings and layout collections—all are solid by way of Kriegel as best cultural actors in their day. Grand Designs indicates how those Victorians vied to upend aesthetic hierarchies in an imperial age and, within the method, to refashion London’s public culture.

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